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RHEL 6.0使用CentOS yum源
2011年10月21日 RHEL 暂无评论 ⁄ 被围观 15,845次+

引言:由于RHEL的yum在线更新是收费的,如果没有注册的话是不能使用的,即不能在线安装软件。在这种情况下,想使用RHEL系统,还想用yum源来在线安装软件,有没有办法?答案是有办法,请往下看!

1、删除RHEL原有的yum
            rpm -aq|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps  #删除

2、下载新的yum安装包  #这里我们使用CentOS的yum源

   wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
         wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.i686.rpm
         wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm
         wget http://mirror.centos.org/centos/6.0/os/i386/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm

3、安装yum软件包
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   rpm -ivh  python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
         rpm -ivh  yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.i686.rpm
         rpm -ivh  yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm  yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm
  
   注意:最后两个安装包要放在一起同时安装,否则会提示相互依赖,安装失败。

4、更改yum源  #我们使用网易的CentOS镜像源
   cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
   wget  http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
   vi CentOS6-Base-163.repo  #编辑文件
   把文件里面的$releasever全部替换为版本号,即6 最后保存!

或者直接把下面的内存拷贝到CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件中即可(已经修改好)

# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#

[base]
name=CentOS-6 - Base - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-6 - Updates - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-6 - Extras - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-6 - Plus - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-6 - Contrib - 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

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5、yum clean all     #清理yum缓存
            yum makecache     #将服务器上的软件包信息缓存到本地,以提高搜索安装软件的速度
            yum install vim*  #测试yum是否可用
 
至此,Redhat6可以使用CentOS的yum源在线安装软件了!

     
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