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CentOS 7.x编译安装Nginx1.10.3+MySQL5.7.16+PHP5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 7.0 7.1多版本全能环境
2017年03月18日 Web服务器 暂无评论 ⁄ 被围观 3,549次+

前传:

1、CentOS 7.3.1611系统安装配置图解教程

http://www.osyunwei.com/archives/10003.html

2、CentOS服务器初始化设置

http://www.osyunwei.com/archives/9034.html

准备篇

一、防火墙配置

CentOS 7.x默认使用的是firewall作为防火墙,这里改为iptables防火墙。

1、关闭firewall:

systemctl stop firewalld.service #停止firewall

systemctl disable firewalld.service #禁止firewall开机启动

2、安装iptables防火墙

yum install iptables-services #安装

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables #编辑防火墙配置文件

# sample configuration for iptables service

# you can edit this manually or use system-config-firewall

# please do not ask us to add additional ports/services to this default configuration

*filter

:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

COMMIT

:wq! #保存退出

systemctl restart iptables.service #最后重启防火墙使配置生效

systemctl enable iptables.service #设置防火墙开机启动

/usr/libexec/iptables/iptables.init restart #重启防火墙

二、关闭SELINUX

vi /etc/selinux/config

#SELINUX=enforcing #注释掉

#SELINUXTYPE=targeted #注释掉

SELINUX=disabled #增加

:wq! #保存退出

setenforce 0 #使配置立即生效

三 、系统约定

软件源代码包存放位置:/usr/local/src

源码包编译安装位置:/usr/local/软件名字

四、下载软件包

1、下载nginx

http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.3.tar.gz

2、下载MySQL

https://cdn.mysql.com/archives/mysql-5.7/mysql-5.7.16.tar.gz

3、下载php

http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-7.1.3.tar.gz

http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-7.0.17.tar.gz

http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.6.30.tar.gz

http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.5.38.tar.gz

http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.4.45.tar.gz

http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.3.29.tar.gz

http://museum.php.net/php5/php-5.2.17.tar.gz

http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz

4、下载cmake(MySQL编译工具)

https://cmake.org/files/v3.7/cmake-3.7.2.tar.gz

5、下载pcre (支持nginx伪静态)

ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.40.tar.gz

6、下载openssl(nginx扩展)

https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.1.0e.tar.gz

7、下载zlib(nginx扩展)

http://www.zlib.net/zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz

8、下载libmcrypt(php扩展)

https://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

9、下载yasm(php扩展)

http://www.tortall.net/projects/yasm/releases/yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz

10、t1lib(php扩展)

http://download.freenas.org/distfiles/t1lib-5.1.2.tar.gz

11、下载gd库安装包

https://github.com/libgd/libgd/releases/download/gd-2.1.1/libgd-2.1.1.tar.gz

12、libvpx(gd库需要)

https://codeload.github.com/webmproject/libvpx/tar.gz/v1.3.0

13、tiff(gd库需要)

http://download.osgeo.org/libtiff/tiff-4.0.7.tar.gz

14、libpng(gd库需要)

ftp://ftp.simplesystems.org/pub/libpng/png/src/libpng16/libpng-1.6.28.tar.gz

15、freetype(gd库需要)

http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/freetype/freetype-2.7.1.tar.gz

16、jpegsrc(gd库需要)

http://www.ijg.org/files/jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz

17、Boost(编译mysql需要)

https://ufpr.dl.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz

以上软件包上传到/usr/local/src目录

五、安装编译工具及库文件(使用yum命令安装)

yum install -y apr* autoconf automake bison bzip2 bzip2* cloog-ppl compat* cpp curl curl-devel fontconfig fontconfig-devel freetype freetype* freetype-devel gcc gcc-c++ gtk+-devel gd gettext gettext-devel glibc kernel kernel-headers keyutils keyutils-libs-devel krb5-devel libcom_err-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg* libsepol-devel libselinux-devel libstdc++-devel libtool* libgomp libxml2 libxml2-devel libXpm* libxml* libXaw-devel libXmu-devel libtiff libtiff* make mpfr ncurses* ntp openssl openssl-devel patch pcre-devel perl php-common php-gd policycoreutils telnet t1lib t1lib* nasm nasm* wget zlib-devel

安装篇

以下是用putty工具远程登录到服务器,在命令行下面操作的

一、安装MySQL

1、安装cmake

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf cmake-3.7.2.tar.gz

cd cmake-3.7.2

./configure

make

make install

2、安装MySQL

cd /usr/local/src

mkdir -p /usr/local/boost

cp boost_1_59_0.tar.gz /usr/local/boost

groupadd mysql #添加mysql组

useradd -g mysql mysql -s /bin/false #创建用户mysql并加入到mysql组,不允许mysql用户直接登录系统

mkdir -p /data/mysql #创建MySQL数据库存放目录

chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql #设置MySQL数据库存放目录权限

mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql #创建MySQL安装目录

cd /usr/local/src #进入软件包存放目录

tar zxvf mysql-5.7.16.tar.gz #解压

cd mysql-5.7.16 #进入目录

cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=OFF -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost

注意:可以使用-DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost参数在线安装boost软件包,需要服务器联网,容易下载失败。

cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=ON -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITHOUT_EXAMPLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=OFF -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost

make #编译

make install #安装

编译出错, 重新编译前要删除编译失败的文件,重新编译时,需要清除旧的对象文件和缓存信息。

make clean

rm -f CMakeCache.txt

rm -rf /etc/my.cnf #删除系统默认的配置文件(如果默认没有就不用删除)

cd /usr/local/mysql #进入MySQL安装目录

./bin/mysqld --user=mysql --initialize --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql #生成mysql系统数据库

--initialize表示默认生成密码, --initialize-insecure 表示不生成密码, 密码为空。

看到这一行[Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: i>X18*=Rav=7

cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-default.cnf /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf #添加到/etc目录的软连接

cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #把Mysql加入系统启动

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld #增加执行权限

chkconfig mysqld on #加入开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #编辑

basedir=/usr/local/mysql #MySQL程序安装路径

datadir=/data/mysql #MySQl数据库存放目录

:wq! #保存退出

service mysqld start #启动

vi /etc/profile #把mysql服务加入系统环境变量:在最后添加下面这一行

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

:wq! #保存退出

source /etc/profile #使配置立刻生效

下面这两行把myslq的库文件链接到系统默认的位置,这样你在编译类似PHP等软件时可以不用指定mysql的库文件地址。

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql

mkdir /var/lib/mysql #创建目录

ln -s /tmp/mysql.sock /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock #添加软链接

mysql_secure_installation #修改Mysql密码,输入之前生成的密CSJlm3DyTG.d回车,根据提示操作。

Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: y #是否安装密码安全插件?选择y

There are three levels of password validation policy: #有以下几种密码强度选择

LOW Length >= 8

MEDIUM Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, and special characters

STRONG Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, special characters and dictionary file

Please enter 0 = LOW, 1 = MEDIUM and 2 = STRONG: 0 #选择0,只要8位数字即可,选1要有大写,小写,特殊字符等

UNINSTALL PLUGIN validate_password ; #卸载密码强度插件

use mysql;

update mysql.user set authentication_string=password('123456') where user='root' ; #登录mysql控制台修改

ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password AS '123456'; #修改密码

二、安装Nginx

1、安装pcre

cd /usr/local/src

mkdir /usr/local/pcre

tar zxvf pcre-8.40.tar.gz

cd pcre-8.40

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre

make

make install

2、安装openssl

cd /usr/local/src

mkdir /usr/local/openssl

tar zxvf openssl-1.1.0e.tar.gz

cd openssl-1.1.0e

./config --prefix=/usr/local/openssl

make

make install

vi /etc/profile

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/openssl/bin

:wq!

source /etc/profile

3、安装zlib

cd /usr/local/src

mkdir /usr/local/zlib

tar zxvf zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz

cd zlib-1.2.11

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib

make

make install

4、安装Nginx

groupadd www

useradd -g www www -s /bin/false

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf nginx-1.10.3.tar.gz

cd nginx-1.10.3

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --without-http_memcached_module --user=www --group=www --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.1.0e --with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.11 --with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.40

注意:--with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.1.0e --with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.11 --with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.40指向的是源码包解压的路径,而不是安装的路径,否则会报错

make

make install

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx #启动Nginx

设置nginx开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #编辑启动文件添加下面内容

############################################################

#!/bin/sh

#

# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon

#

# chkconfig: - 85 15

# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \

# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server

# processname: nginx

# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

# Source function library.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.

. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.

[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"

prog=$(basename $nginx)

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

make_dirs() {

# make required directories

user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`

if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then

useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user

fi

options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`

for opt in $options; do

if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then

value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`

if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then

# echo "creating" $value

mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value

fi

fi

done

}

start() {

[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5

[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6

make_dirs

echo -n $"Starting $prog: "

daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE

retval=$?

echo

[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile

return $retval

}

stop() {

echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "

killproc $prog -QUIT

retval=$?

echo

[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile

return $retval

}

restart() {

#configtest || return $?

stop

sleep 1

start

}

reload() {

#configtest || return $?

echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "

killproc $nginx -HUP

RETVAL=$?

echo

}

force_reload() {

restart

}

configtest() {

$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE

}

rh_status() {

status $prog

}

rh_status_q() {

rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1

}

case "$1" in

start)

rh_status_q && exit 0

$1

;;

stop)

rh_status_q || exit 0

$1

;;

restart|configtest)

$1

;;

reload)

rh_status_q || exit 7

$1

;;

force-reload)

force_reload

;;

status)

rh_status

;;

condrestart|try-restart)

rh_status_q || exit 0

;;

*)

echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"

exit 2

esac

############################################################

:wq! #保存退出

chmod 775 /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #赋予文件执行权限

chkconfig nginx on #设置开机启动

/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx restart #重启

在浏览器中打开服务器IP地址,会看到下面的界面,说明Nginx安装成功。

扩展阅读:

Nginx配置txt、pdf、doc、xls等文件直接下载的方法

在nginx配置文件中添加以下代码

location / {

if ($request_filename ~* ^.*?\.(txt|pdf|doc|xls)$){

add_header Content-Disposition: 'attachment;';

}

}

三、安装php

1、安装yasm

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz

cd yasm-1.3.0

./configure

make

make install

2、安装libmcrypt

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

cd libmcrypt-2.5.8

./configure

make

make install

3、安装libvpx

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf libvpx-1.3.0.tar.gz

cd libvpx-1.3.0

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libvpx --enable-shared --enable-vp9

make

make install

4、安装tiff

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf tiff-4.0.7.tar.gz

cd tiff-4.0.7

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/tiff --enable-shared

make

make install

5、安装libpng

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf libpng-1.6.28.tar.gz

cd libpng-1.6.28

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng --enable-shared

make

make install

6、安装freetype

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf freetype-2.7.1.tar.gz

cd freetype-2.7.1

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype --enable-shared

make

make install

7、安装jpeg

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz

cd jpeg-9b

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg --enable-shared

make

make install

8、安装libgd

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf libgd-2.1.1.tar.gz

cd libgd-2.1.1

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libgd --enable-shared --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg --with-png=/usr/local/libpng --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype --with-fontconfig=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm=/usr/lib64 --with-tiff=/usr/local/tiff --with-vpx=/usr/local/libvpx

make

make install

说明:如果libgd编译失败,可以先跳过,直接使用系统默认的2.1.0版本,在编译php的时候把参数--with-gd=/usr/local/libgd修改为--with-gd即可。

9、安装t1lib

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf t1lib-5.1.2.tar.gz

cd t1lib-5.1.2

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/t1lib --enable-shared

make without_doc

make install

10、安装php

注意:如果系统是64位,请执行以下两条命令,否则安装php会出错。

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libltdl.so* /usr/lib/

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libXpm.so* /usr/lib/

10.1、安装php7.1.3

cd /usr/local/src

tar -zvxf php-7.1.3.tar.gz

cd php-7.1.3

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libgd/lib

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php71 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php71/etc --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

make #编译

make install #安装

说明:如果提示libgd版本错误,把php编译参数--with-gd=/usr/local/libgd修改为--with-gd即可。

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php71/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件

ln -s /usr/local/php71/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接到 /etc目录

cp /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件

ln -s /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf #添加软连接到 /etc目录

vi /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑

pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号

include=/usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf

:wq! #保存退出

cp /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

vi /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf #编辑

user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www

group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www

listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

:wq! #保存退出

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/src/php-7.1.3/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php71-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php71-fpm #添加执行权限

chkconfig php71-fpm on #设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php71-fpm

prefix=/usr/local/php71

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php71-fpm

:wq! #保存退出

mv /usr/local/php71/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php71/sbin/php71-fpm

vi /usr/local/php71/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件

找到:disable_functions =

修改为:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname

#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:expose_php = Off #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

找到opcache.enable=0

修改为opcache.enable=1 #php支持opcode缓存

找到:;opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支持opcode缓存

修改为:opcache.enable_cli=0

在最后一行添加:zend_extension=opcache.so #开启opcode缓存功能

:wq! #保存退出

10.2、安装php7.0.17

注意:如果系统是64位,请执行以下命令,否则安装php会出错。

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libltdl.so* /usr/lib/

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libXpm.so* /usr/lib/

cd /usr/local/src

tar -zvxf php-7.0.17.tar.gz

cd php-7.0.17

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libgd/lib

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php70 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php70/etc --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

make #编译

make install #安装

说明:如果提示libgd版本错误,把php编译参数--with-gd=/usr/local/libgd修改为--with-gd即可

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php70/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

#rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php70/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接到 /etc目录

cp /usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf #添加软连接到 /etc目录

vi /usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑

pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号

include=/usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf

:wq! #保存退出

cp /usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

vi /usr/local/php70/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf #编辑

user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www

group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www

listen = 127.0.0.1:9001

:wq! #保存退出

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/src/php-7.0.17/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php70-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php70-fpm #添加执行权限

chkconfig php70-fpm on #设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php70-fpm

prefix=/usr/local/php70

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php70-fpm

:wq! #保存退出

mv /usr/local/php70/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php70/sbin/php70-fpm

vi /usr/local/php70/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件

找到:disable_functions =

修改为:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname

#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:expose_php = Off #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

找到opcache.enable=0

修改为opcache.enable=1 #php支持opcode缓存

找到:;opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支持opcode缓存

修改为:opcache.enable_cli=0

在最后一行添加:zend_extension=opcache.so #开启opcode缓存功能

:wq! #保存退出

10.3、安装php5.6.30

注意:如果系统是64位,请执行以下两条命令,否则安装php会出错(32位系统不需要执行)

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libltdl.so* /usr/lib/

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libXpm.so* /usr/lib/

cd /usr/local/src

tar -zvxf php-5.6.30.tar.gz

cd php-5.6.30

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libgd/lib

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php56 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php56/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 --with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/ --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-t1lib=/usr/local/t1lib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

make #编译

make install #安装

如果编译错误,可以清理后在编译一次

make clean #清理

make #编译

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php56/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

#rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php56/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接到 /etc目录

cp /usr/local/php56/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php56/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php56/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf #添加软连接到 /etc目录

vi /usr/local/php56/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑

user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www

group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www

pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号

listen = 127.0.0.1:9002

:wq! #保存退出

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.6.30/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php56-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php56-fpm #添加执行权限

chkconfig php56-fpm on #设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php56-fpm

prefix=/usr/local/php56

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php56-fpm

:wq! #保存退出

mv /usr/local/php56/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php56/sbin/php56-fpm

vi /usr/local/php56/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件

找到:disable_functions =

修改为:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname

#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:expose_php = Off #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

找到opcache.enable=0

修改为opcache.enable=1 #php支持opcode缓存

找到:;opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支持opcode缓存

修改为:opcache.enable_cli=0

在最后一行添加:zend_extension=opcache.so #开启opcode缓存功能

:wq! #保存退出

10.4、安装php5.5.38

注意:如果系统是64位,请执行以下两条命令,否则安装php会出错(32位系统不需要执行)

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libltdl.so* /usr/lib/

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libXpm.so* /usr/lib/

cd /usr/local/src

tar -zvxf php-5.5.38.tar.gz

cd php-5.5.38

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libgd/lib

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php55 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php55/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/ --with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/ --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-t1lib=/usr/local/t1lib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

make #编译

make install #安装

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php55/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

#rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php55/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接到 /etc目录

cp /usr/local/php55/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php55/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf #添加软连接到 /etc目录

vi /usr/local/php55/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑

user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www

group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www

pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号

listen = 127.0.0.1:9003

:wq! #保存退出

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.5.38/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php55-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php55-fpm #添加执行权限

chkconfig php55-fpm on #设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php55-fpm

prefix=/usr/local/php55

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php55-fpm

:wq! #保存退出

mv /usr/local/php55/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php55/sbin/php55-fpm

vi /usr/local/php55/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件

找到:disable_functions =

修改为:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname

#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:expose_php = Off #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

找到opcache.enable=0

修改为opcache.enable=1 #php支持opcode缓存

找到:opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支持opcode缓存

修改为:opcache.enable_cli=0

在最后一行添加:zend_extension=opcache.so #开启opcode缓存功能

:wq! #保存退出

10.5、安装php5.4.45

cd /usr/local/src

tar -zvxf php-5.4.45.tar.gz

cd php-5.4.45

mkdir -p /usr/local/php54 #建立php安装目录

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php54 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php54/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=shared --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/ --with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/ --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-t1lib=/usr/local/t1lib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

make #编译

make install #安装

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php54/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

#rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php54/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接

cp /usr/local/php54/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php54/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件

vi /usr/local/php54/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑

user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www

group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www

pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号

listen = 127.0.0.1:9004

:wq! #保存退出

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.4.45/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php54-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php54-fpm #添加执行权限

chkconfig php54-fpm on #设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php54-fpm

prefix=/usr/local/php54

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php54-fpm

:wq! #保存退出

mv /usr/local/php54/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php54/sbin/php54-fpm

vi /usr/local/php54/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件

找到:disable_functions =

修改为:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname

#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。

系统运维 www.osyunwei.com 温馨提醒:qihang01原创内容版权所有,转载请注明出处及原文链接

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:expose_php = OFF #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

#编译php mysqli扩展

cd /usr/local/src/php-5.4.45/ext/mysqli

/usr/local/php54/bin/phpize

./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php54/bin/php-config --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config

make

make install

vi /usr/local/php54/etc/php.ini

extension=mysqli.so

:wq! #保存退出

10.6、安装php5.3.29

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz

cd gd-2.0.35

./configure --enable-m4_pattern_allow --prefix=/usr/local/gd --with-jpeg=/usr/lib --with-png=/usr/lib --with-xpm=/usr/lib --with-freetype=/usr/lib --with-fontconfig=/usr/lib

make #编译

make install #安装

cd /usr/local/src

tar -zvxf php-5.3.29.tar.gz

cd php-5.3.29

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php53 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php53/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/gd --with-png-dir=/usr/lib --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/lib --with-freetype-dir=/usr/lib --with-iconv --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --enable-xml --enable-magic-quotes --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --with-mysqli=shared --enable-mysqlnd

make #编译

make install #安装

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php53/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

#rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php53/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接

cp /usr/local/php53/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php53/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件

vi /usr/local/php53/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑

user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www

group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www

pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号

listen = 127.0.0.1:9005

:wq! #保存退出

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.3.29/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php53-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php53-fpm #添加执行权限

chkconfig php53-fpm on #设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php53-fpm

prefix=/usr/local/php53

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php53-fpm

:wq! #保存退出

mv /usr/local/php53/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php53/sbin/php53-fpm

service php53-fpm start #启动

vi /usr/local/php53/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件

找到:disable_functions =

修改为:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname

#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:expose_php = OFF #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

vi /usr/local/php53/etc/php.ini    #添加mysqli扩展,在最后一行添加

extension="/usr/local/php53/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/mysqli.so"

:wq! #保存退出

10.7、安装php5.2.17

#编译gd-2.0.35,如果上一步已经编译过,忽略即可。

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz

cd gd-2.0.35

./configure --enable-m4_pattern_allow --prefix=/usr/local/gd --with-jpeg=/usr/lib --with-png=/usr/lib --with-xpm=/usr/lib --with-freetype=/usr/lib --with-fontconfig=/usr/lib

make #编译

make install #安装

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz

gunzip php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz

patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1 < php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff #给php源码打上fpm补丁

curl -o php-5.2.17.patch https://mail.gnome.org/archives/xml/2012-August/txtbgxGXAvz4N.txt

cd php-5.2.17

patch -p0 -b <../php-5.2.17.patch

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php52 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php52/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/gd --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-iconv --with-zlib --enable-xml --enable-discard-path --enable-magic-quotes --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --with-mime-magic --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --with-mysqli=shared

make

make install

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.2.17/php.ini-dist /usr/local/php52/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

#rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除默认配置文件

#ln -s /usr/local/php52/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #创建链接到系统默认的位置

vi /usr/local/php52/etc/php-fpm.conf

<value name="listen_address">127.0.0.1:9006</value>

<value name="user">www</value> #去掉注释,修改用户为www

<value name="group">www</value> #去掉注释,修改用户组为www

:wq!保存退出

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/php52/sbin/php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php52-fpm

mv /usr/local/php52/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php52/sbin/php52-fpm

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php52-fpm

在#!/bin/bash下面添加两行

#chkconfig:345 62 62

#description:php-fpm

php_fpm_BIN=/usr/local/php52/bin/php-cgi

php_fpm_CONF=/usr/local/php52/etc/php-fpm.conf

php_fpm_PID=/usr/local/php52/logs/php-fpm.pid

:wq!保存退出

chmod 775 /etc/rc.d/init.d/php52-fpm #赋予文件执行权限

chkconfig php52-fpm on #设置开机启动

/usr/local/php52/sbin/php52-fpm start

service php52-fpm start

vi /usr/local/php52/etc/php.ini #添加mysqli扩展,在最后一行添加

extension="/usr/local/php52/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/mysqli.so"

:wq! #保存退出

配置nginx支持php

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

修改/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 配置文件,需做如下修改

user www www; #首行user去掉注释,修改Nginx运行组为www www;必须与/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf中的user,group配置相同,否则php运行出错

index index.html index.htm index.php; #添加index.php

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000

#

location ~ \.php$ {

root html;

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

fastcgi_index index.php;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

include fastcgi_params;

}

#取消FastCGI server部分location的注释,注意fastcgi_param行的参数,改为$document_root$fastcgi_script_name,或者使用绝对路径

/etc/init.d/nginx restart #重启nginx

service php71-fpm start #启动php71-fpm

说明:

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;中使用端口号来区分php版本,需要使用哪个php版本就修改为相应的端口。

9000对应的php版本是php7.1.3

9001对应的php版本是php7.0.17

9002对应的php版本是php5.6.30

9003对应的php版本是php5.5.38

9004对应的php版本是php5.4.45

9005对应的php版本是php5.3.29

9006对应的php版本是php5.2.17

多版本php共存可以总结为:

1、规划php安装路径

/usr/local/php52

/usr/local/php53

/usr/local/php54

/usr/local/php55

/usr/local/php56

/usr/local/php70

/usr/local/php71

2、编译php参数路径

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php71 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php71/etc --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php70 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php70/etc --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php56 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php56/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 --with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/ --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-t1lib=/usr/local/t1lib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php55 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php55/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/libgd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/ --with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/ --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-t1lib=/usr/local/t1lib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --enable-opcache --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php54 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php54/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=shared --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-xpm-dir=/usr/ --with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/ --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-t1lib=/usr/local/t1lib --with-iconv --enable-libxml --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --enable-mysqlnd

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php53 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php53/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/gd --with-png-dir=/usr/lib --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/lib --with-freetype-dir=/usr/lib --with-iconv --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --enable-xml --enable-magic-quotes --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --with-mysqli=shared --enable-mysqlnd

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php52 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php52/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/gd --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng --with-iconv --with-zlib --enable-xml --enable-discard-path --enable-magic-quotes --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --with-mime-magic --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl --enable-ctype --with-mysqli=shared

3、php开机启动设置

cp /usr/local/src/php-7.1.3/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php71-fpm

cp /usr/local/src/php-7.0.17/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php70-fpm

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/php71-fpm

prefix=/usr/local/php71

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php71-fpm

mv /usr/local/php71/sbin/php-fpm /usr/local/php71/sbin/php71-fpm

4、php监听端口设置

vi /usr/local/php71/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

vi /usr/local/php56/etc/php-fpm.conf

listen = 127.0.0.1:9002

5、nginx结合php

修改nginx站点配置文件

/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

根据之前php的设置,选择相应的端口,例如9001对应的php版本是php7.1

那么此站点的php版本就为php7.1

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9001;

根据之前php的设置,选择相应的端口,例如9001对应的php版本是php7.0

那么此站点的php版本就为php7.0

测试篇

cd /usr/local/nginx/html/ #进入nginx默认网站根目录

rm -rf /usr/local/nginx/html/* #删除默认测试页

vi index.php #新建index.php文件

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

:wq! #保存退出

chown www.www /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #设置目录所有者

chmod 700 /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #设置目录权限

在浏览器中打开服务器IP地址,会看到下面的界面







后记:

CentOS 7.x +php 7.0/7.1组合建议使用系统自带的GD库进行编译,php默认去掉了mysql驱动,只有mysqli和mysqlnd驱动。

CentOS 7.x +php 5.5/5.6组合建议使用libgd-2.1.1进行编译,php驱动包括mysql,mysqli和mysqlnd

CentOS 7.x +php 5.4组合建议使用系统自带的GD库进行编译,php驱动包括mysql,mysqli(需要加载),mysqlnd

CentOS 7.x +php 5.3组合建议使用gd-2.0.35进行编译,php驱动包括mysql,mysqli(需要加载),mysqlnd

CentOS 7.x +php 5.2组合建议使用gd-2.0.35进行编译,php驱动包括mysql,mysqli(需要加载)

推荐:CentOS 7.x使用php 5.5/5.6组合最佳。

后记:

php各个小版本的安装过程相同,如php 7.1.2和php 7.1.3安装过程一样,php 7.0.16和php 7.0.17安装过程一样。

阿里云的CentOS 7.x镜像自带的yum.repos.d文件默认被修改为阿里云自己的镜像源了,但是,这个源有些问题,很多软件包无法yum安装,导致后面的php等编译会出错,解决办法就是替换yum源为CentOS官方源。

阿里云默认的yum源:

CentOS官方源:

至此,CentOS 7.x编译安装Nginx1.10.3+MySQL5.7.16+PHP5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 7.0 7.1多版本全能环境教程完成。

     

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